In today’s fast-paced life, where humans are functioning almost like a robot and where the virtual world has empowered the real sense of living, feelings and humanities virtues, health is always being compromised. The increasing stress, depression, dissatisfaction, and illusory lifestyle expectation have coerced our youth towards the perilous addiction of smoking, tobacco, drugs, and alcohol. These are the primary risk factors of Coronary Artery Diseases (CAD). The risk factors of CAD are not only limited to addictions, but they are inclusive of high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, diabetes, obesity and overweight, physical inactivity, age, gender, and heredity.
What is Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)?
Coronary Artery Disease is the narrowing or blocking of the Coronary Artery, which normally carries oxygen-rich blood to the heart. This narrowing or blocking of the coronary artery is attributed to the buildup of fatty deposits and cholesterol, called “Plaques”. This condition is medically defined as “Atherosclerosis”. Owning to the narrowing or blocking of the coronary artery, the blood flow to the heart is stalled. In the lack of adequate blood supply, the heart cannot receive oxygen and nutrients, which it needs to work properly. Eventually, the portion of the heart muscle begins to die and this causes angina (chest pain) or heart attack
How to treat Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)?
There are several alternative medical procedures for treating CAD. However, here, only one such option is discussed.
For adequately treating the CAD, it is vital to treat the core cause of CAD, which is, narrowing of the coronary artery. The minimally surgical procedure which re-opens the blocked or narrowed artery is known as “Coronary Angioplasty” or it is also known as Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA). This procedure opens the clogged heart arteries and restores the blood flow to the heart.
PTCA uses a tiny balloon catheter that is inserted in the blocked artery, where the balloon is inflated to help widen the narrowed artery.
Depending upon the clinical circumstances and patient’s condition, PTCA is often combined with the placement of a Coronary Stent in the narrowed artery.
A Coronary Stent is a tiny metal mesh/scaffold, that is placed into the culprit artery to help the artery open and reduces the chances of re-narrowing (restenosis) of the artery. Often the coronary stents are coated with antiproliferative drugs which help the artery to remain open by inhibiting cell proliferation. Bare-metal stents may also be used. Angioplasty helps to relieve the symptoms of blocked arteries like chest pain and shortness of breath. Angioplasty is a commonly used procedure for treating a patient suffering from a heart attack.
What to expect during the Angioplasty Procedure?